Physical Geology: Rocks
Unit Driving Questions Ohio Standards**
  1. Why and how are rocks and minerals important to humans and other life on Earth?
  2. In what ways do the chemical and physical components of Earth's minerals determine the properties of those minerals?
  3. How do the environmental conditions in which a mineral forms and exists impact the mineral?

PG.IMS: Igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks

  • PG.IMS.1:  Igneous
    • PG.IMS.1a Mafic and felsic rocks and minerals
    • PG.IMS.1b Intrusive (igneous structures: dikes, sills, batholiths, pegmatites)
    • PG.IMS.1c Earth’s interior (inner core, outer core, lower mantle, upper mantle, Mohorovicic discontinuity, crust)
    • PG.IMS.1d Magnetic reversals and Earth’s magnetic field
    • PG.IMS.1e Thermal energy within the Earth
    • PG.IMS.1f Extrusive (volcanic activity, volcanoes: cinder cones, composite, shield)
    • PG.IMS.1g Bowen’s Reaction Series (continuous and discontinuous branches)
  • PG.IMS.2: Metamorphic
    • PG.IMS.2a Pressure, stress, temperature and compressional forces
    • PG.IMS.2b Foliated (regional), non-foliated (contact)
    • PG.IMS.2c Parent rock and degrees of metamorphism
    • PG.IMS.2d Metamorphic zones (where metamorphic rocks are found)
  • PG.IMS.3: Sedimentary
    • PG.IMS.3a Division of sedimentary rocks a  nd minerals (chemical, clastic/physical, organic)
    • PG.IMS.3b Depositional environments

Science Inquiry and Application

  • Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations
  • Design and conduct scientific investigations
  • Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communication
  • Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence (critical thinking)
  • Recognize and analyze explanations and models, and
  • Communicate and support a scientific argument
Understandings
  1. Properties such as cleavage and hardness are properties that can be used to identify minerals.
  2. Mineral testing, experimentation, and modeling are used to evaluate minerals.
Learning Targets:

Students will be able to....

  1. Describe 5 main topics studied in Physical Geology and why each is important.
  2. Explain how crystals form.
  3. Explain that properties of minerals are a result of their chemical and physical (crystalline) makeup, so properties can be used to ID minerals.
  4. Connect properties of a mineral to its chemical bonding.
  5. Describe the effects of temperature on crystal formation.
  6. Research. test, evaluate, and identify various minerals.
  7. Use mineral data to identify and describe environmental conditions existing at the time of the mineral's formation.
  8. Describe mineral habitats in terms of how they are impacted by natural and human processes.
Academic Vocabulary: Bricks Academic Vocabulary: Mortar
  • physical geology
  • mineral
  • crystal, crystalline
  • amorphous
  • lithosphere
  • rock cycle
  • cubic
  • hexagonal
  • tetragonal
  • octahedral
  • rhombohedral
  • solution
  • solvent
  • solute
  • saturated/unsaturated
  • precipitate
  • igneous
  • mafic
  • felsic
  • intrusive
  • extrusive
  • volcano
  • cinder cone
  • Mohorovicic discontinuity
  • magnetic field and reversal
  • Bowen's reaction series
  • habitat
  • metamorphic
  • compressional force
  • foliated
  • non-foliated
  • parent rock
  • sedementary
  • ocean
  • passive/active continental margins
  • clastic
  • channel
  • streambed
  • flood plain
  • alluvial fan
  • dike
  • define
  • describe
  • elaborate
  • explain
  • analyze
  • classify
  • compare
  • contrast
  • relate
  • interpret
  • list; state
  • law (in science)
  • theory
  • claim
  • evidence
  • reason
  • assemblage

Handouts

Resources

Links: (open in a new window)


Daily Learning Activities
Day 1
  • Learning Target/Question
    • List and describe the topics in physical geology. Why are they important?
  • Activities/Strategies
  • Assessments
    • Participation in gallery walk and summary table
  • Assignment

Day 2
  • Learning Target/Question
    • Explain how crystals form.
  • Activities/Strategies
  • Assessments
    • Summary table from Day 1; stick quiz - minerals and crystals 1
  • Assignment

Day 3
  • Learning Target/Question
    • Explain how crystals form.
  • Activities/Strategies
  • Assessments
    • Rock and Mineral Quiz
  • Assignment
Day 4
  • Learning Target/Question
    • Explain how crystals form.
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Check crystals
    • How do Crystals form? Interactive lecture
  • Assessments
    • Crystal Formation Quiz
  • Assignment

Day 5
  • Learning Target/Question
    • Connect properties of a mineral to its chemical bonding.
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Check crystals
    • Crystals Around You - identifying crystals
      • Claim: Which substances are crystals? Evidence: observed properties
  • Assessments
    • written claim, evidence, reason
  • Assignment

    • Finish CER if not done in class
Day 6
  • Learning Target/Question
    • Explain that properties of minerals are a result of their chemical and physical (crystalline) makeup, so properties can be used to ID minerals.
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Crystal Models
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Day 7
  • Learning Target/Question
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Observations - crystals
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Day 8
  • Learning Target/Question
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Intro to testing minerals
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Day 9
  • Learning Target/Question
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Testing minerals lab
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Day 10
  • Learning Target/Question
  • Activities/Strategies
    • Testing minerals lab
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Day 11
  • Learning Target/Question
  • Activities/Strategies
  • Assessments
  • Assignment

Next Generation Science Standards:

 

 

 

Back to Chemistry page