|Unit Driving Questions
- Why and how are rocks and minerals important to humans and other life on Earth?
- In what ways do the chemical and physical components of Earth's minerals determine the properties of those minerals?
- How do the environmental conditions in which a mineral forms and exists impact the mineral?
PG.IMS: Igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks
- PG.IMS.1: Igneous
- PG.IMS.1a Mafic and felsic rocks and minerals
- PG.IMS.1b Intrusive (igneous structures: dikes, sills, batholiths, pegmatites)
- PG.IMS.1c Earth’s interior (inner core, outer core, lower mantle, upper mantle, Mohorovicic discontinuity, crust)
- PG.IMS.1d Magnetic reversals and Earth’s magnetic field
- PG.IMS.1e Thermal energy within the Earth
- PG.IMS.1f Extrusive (volcanic activity, volcanoes: cinder cones, composite, shield)
- PG.IMS.1g Bowen’s Reaction Series (continuous and discontinuous branches)
- PG.IMS.2: Metamorphic
- PG.IMS.2a Pressure, stress, temperature and compressional forces
- PG.IMS.2b Foliated (regional), non-foliated (contact)
- PG.IMS.2c Parent rock and degrees of metamorphism
- PG.IMS.2d Metamorphic zones (where metamorphic rocks are found)
- PG.IMS.3: Sedimentary
- PG.IMS.3a Division of sedimentary rocks a nd minerals (chemical, clastic/physical, organic)
- PG.IMS.3b Depositional environments
Science Inquiry and Application
- Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations
- Design and conduct scientific investigations
- Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communication
- Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence (critical thinking)
- Recognize and analyze explanations and models, and
- Communicate and support a scientific argument
- Properties such as cleavage and hardness are properties that can be used to identify minerals.
- Mineral testing, experimentation, and modeling are used to evaluate minerals.
Students will be able to....
- Describe 5 main topics studied in Physical Geology and why each is important.
- Explain how crystals form.
- Explain that properties of minerals are a result of their chemical and physical (crystalline) makeup, so properties can be used to ID minerals.
- Connect properties of a mineral to its chemical bonding.
- Describe the effects of temperature on crystal formation.
- Research. test, evaluate, and identify various minerals.
- Use mineral data to identify and describe environmental conditions existing at the time of the mineral's formation.
- Describe mineral habitats in terms of how they are impacted by natural and human processes.
|Academic Vocabulary: Bricks
||Academic Vocabulary: Mortar
- physical geology
- crystal, crystalline
- rock cycle
- cinder cone
- Mohorovicic discontinuity
- magnetic field and reversal
- Bowen's reaction series
- compressional force
- parent rock
- passive/active continental margins
- flood plain
- alluvial fan
- list; state
- law (in science)
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