Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4:Skeletal System
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Unit Essential Questions

  1. Connective tissue, in this case, bones, have cells that are farther apart than the cells of other tissue types. How can bones support the weight of a human if the cells in bones are far apart?


  1. Bone is one type of connective tissue.
  2. Most humans have about 206 different bones.
  3. Bones not only function as supports, they produce blood cells and store inorganic salts which are exchanged through homeostatic processes.
Learning Targets: Skills and Measurement

Students will know.....

  1. Bones are the organs of the skeletal system.
  2. Bones contain living tissue.
  3. Bones are classified into 4 types: long, short, flat, and irregular. Each has a specific reflected in its shape.
  4. Know names, locations, and functions of 206 bones in the human skeleton
  5. Macroscopic and microscopic structure of bones; how they grow and develop
  6. Explain that bone stores and produces substances needed by the body.  
  7. Why calcium is necessary for body function and how an imbalance in calcium homeostasis can cause osteoporosis.
  8. Homeostatic processes regulate matrix,  and storage of inorganic salts.
  9. Bones can usually heal themselves after a fracture.
Learning Targets: Essential Question

Students will be able to.....

  1. Identify, and describe the location of each bone in the human body.
  2. Explain the functions of the skeletal system.
  3. Classify the bones in the human body as long, short, flat, or irregular.
  4. Compare and contrast compact bone and spongy bone.
  5. Identify at least one example of each type of joint in the human body and tell its type. Explain your choices.
  6. Be able to demonstrate and explain at least 10 different types of motion and tell at what kind of joint they occur.
  7. Explain that because bones contain living tissue, they grow and develop, produce red blood cells, and store red blood cells, white bold cells, fat, and some inorganic salts.
  8. Describe the role of blood vessels and osteoblasts in the repair of a fracture.
  9. Identify bones and fractures on an X-ray image.
Terms: Academic Vocabulary: Mortar
  • Articular cartilage
  • Canaliculi
  • collagen
  • Compact bone
  • Diaphysis
  • Endochondral bones
  • Endosteum
  • Epiphyseal plate
  • Epiphysis
  • Flat bones
  • Haversian (central) canals
  • hematopoeisis
  • hydroxyapetite
  • Intramembranous bones
  • Irregular bones
  • Long bones
  • Marrow
  • Medularry cavity
  • Ossification
  • osteoblasts
  • osteoclasts
  • Osteocytes
  • Osteon
  • Periosteum
  • Preferating canals
  • Sesamoid bones
  • Short bones
  • Spongy bone
  • Trabeculae
  • transduction

Bones to know:


  • describe
  • calculate
  • analyze
  • classify
  • interpret
  • list; state
  • explain
  • define
  • Joint
  • Absorption
  • Resorption
  • Deposition
  • Fracture
  • interpret
  • list; state
  • explain
  • define
  • Joint
  • Absorption
  • Resorption
  • Deposition
  • Fracture
  • protect
  • support
  • compressional