Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4:Skeletal System
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Unit Essential Questions
- Connective tissue, in this case, bones, have cells that are farther apart than the cells of other tissue types. How can bones support the weight of a human if the cells in bones are far apart?
- Bone is one type of connective tissue.
- Most humans have about 206 different bones.
- Bones not only function as supports, they produce blood cells and store inorganic salts which are exchanged through homeostatic processes.
|Learning Targets: Skills and Measurement
Students will know.....
- Bones are the organs of the skeletal system.
- Bones contain living tissue.
- Bones are classified into 4 types: long, short, flat, and irregular. Each has a specific reflected in its shape.
- Know names, locations, and functions of 206 bones in the human skeleton
- Macroscopic and microscopic structure of bones; how they grow and develop
- Explain that bone stores and produces substances needed by the body.
- Why calcium is necessary for body function and how an imbalance in calcium homeostasis can cause osteoporosis.
- Homeostatic processes regulate matrix, and storage of inorganic salts.
- Bones can usually heal themselves after a fracture.
|Learning Targets: Essential Question
Students will be able to.....
- Identify, and describe the location of each bone in the human body.
- Explain the functions of the skeletal system.
- Classify the bones in the human body as long, short, flat, or irregular.
- Compare and contrast compact bone and spongy bone.
- Identify at least one example of each type of joint in the human body and tell its type. Explain your choices.
- Be able to demonstrate and explain at least 10 different types of motion and tell at what kind of joint they occur.
- Explain that because bones contain living tissue, they grow and develop, produce red blood cells, and store red blood cells, white bold cells, fat, and some inorganic salts.
- Describe the role of blood vessels and osteoblasts in the repair of a fracture.
- Identify bones and fractures on an X-ray image.
||Academic Vocabulary: Mortar
- Articular cartilage
- Compact bone
- Endochondral bones
- Epiphyseal plate
- Flat bones
- Haversian (central) canals
- Intramembranous bones
- Irregular bones
- Long bones
- Medularry cavity
- Preferating canals
- Sesamoid bones
- Short bones
- Spongy bone
Bones to know:
- list; state
- list; state