Anatomy and Physiology Unit 2: Cells and Chemistry
- To develop your understanding of the nature of science as it pertains to the human body and our environment.
Course Essential Questions
Unit Essential Questions
- How is a human body built from atoms? (Part 1: Building the Building Blocks of Life.)
- A complex set of chemical reactions provide the substances and energy needed to sustain life:
- Cells have many of the same organelles
- The same organelle in one cell can produce different products than the same organelle in a different type of cell
- The same 4 types of organic molecules (macromolecules) make up all living things.
- Chemical reactions in cells take place based on the cell’s environment and substances present
- Cells get old and die. Cells reproduce, generating new cells.
|Learning Targets: Essential Question
Students will know....
- Basic principals of chemistry that are foundational to biology, anatomy, and physiology.
- The elements most plentiful in the human body, and the chemical properties of the elements.
- The structure of the 4 organic molecules that make up living things.
- Cell structures and their functions
- Mechanisms to transport substances into or out of the cell (types of active and passive transport)
- The cell cycle and its products
|Learning Targets: Skills
Students will be able to.....
- Identify and describe and apply basic principles of chemistry as they relate to human anatomy and physiology.
- List the elements most plentiful in the human body (C, H, O, N, P, Na, Ca, Mg, K, Cl, S). Describe their properties and bonding. (review of basic chemistry)
- List and describe the structure of 4 organic molecules that make up living things. (review of biology)
- Identify, describe, and explain cell structures and their functions.
- Describe and explain how different substances move into or out of a cell.
- Describe the replication process and products in a body cell (cell cycle)
Describe how the structure of a cell, organelle, or molecule dictates its function. Explain the relationship between macromolecules and the structures that produce them.
|Academic Vocabulary: Bricks
||Academic Vocabulary: Mortar
- Inorganic compound
- Organic compound
- Fatty acid
- Citric acid cycle
- Concentration gradient
- Cell (plasma) membrane
- Phospholipid bilayer
- Endoplasmic reticulum
- Golgi apparatus
- Nuclear envelope
- Dehydration synthesis
- Osmotic pressure
- Ionic bonds
- Covalent bonds
- Polar molecules
- Hydrogen bonds
- Molecular formula
- Structural formula
- Synthesis reaction
- Decomposition reaction
- Replacement reaction
- Protein, Amino acid
- Nucleic acid
- DNA, RNA
- Passive transport
- Facilitated diffusion
- Active transport
- DNA replication
- list; state
- law (in science)
- Gradient Equilibrium